We determined the inducibility, as well as the persistence of the induction, of hepatic microsomal CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 (by western blot analysis), and their catalytic activities (as measured by resorufin ether O-dealkylation) in prepubertal (25-day-old) and adult (120-day-old) offspring of timed-pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats treated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). TCDD treatment was subcutaneous, at a low dose of 0.1 μg/kg, on gestational days 7, 14, and 20, and on lactational days 7 and 14. CYP1A1 protein was induced significantly (23-fold) in prepubertal but not in adult offspring of TCDD-exposed dams, whereas ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity, which is CYP1A1-preferential, was induced less extensively (5-fold) and slightly (1.7-fold) in the prepubertal and adult offspring, respectively. Benzyloxyresorufin O-debenzylase (BROD) activity, which is CYP2B-preferential but has been reported to be catalyzed by CYP1A1, was also induced 5- and 6-fold in prepubertal and adult offspring, respectively, of TCDD-exposed dams. However, the induced BROD activity was neither inhibited by antibody against CYP1A1 nor accompanied by an elevated level of microsomal CYP2B. CYP1A2 was induced slightly only in prepubertal offspring of TCDD-treated dams. There was suggestive evidence of enhanced lipid peroxidation in hepatic microsomes from prepubertal but not adult offspring of TCDD-treated dams. These data showed that in utero plus lactational TCDD exposure effected transient induction of hepatic microsomal CYP1A1 but sustained induction of BROD activity, which may be catalyzed by enzymes other than CYP1A or CYP2B. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Lactational TCDD exposure
- in utero