Effect of material properties on the residence time distribution (RTD) characterization of powder blending unit operations. Part II of II: Application of models

M. Sebastian Escotet-Espinoza, Sara Moghtadernejad, Sarang Oka, Zilong Wang, Yifan Wang, Andres Roman-Ospino, Elisabeth Schäfer, Philippe Cappuyns, Ivo Van Assche, Mauricio Futran, Fernando Muzzio, Marianthi Ierapetritou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Residence time distribution (RTD) modeling can aid the understanding and characterization of macro-mixing in continuous powder processing unit operations by relating observed behavior to quantitative model parameters. This article is the second part of the work done to characterize the effect of material properties on the measurement of RTDs in continuous powder processing operations. The goal of this paper is to examine the behavior of the RTD given different sets of tracer material properties. Tracer addition methods are discussed within the framework of their mathematical representation. The two most widely used RTD models in powder systems in the literature, the axial dispersion and the tank-in-series model, are presented and used to describe the experimental data. The RTD model parameters (e.g., Peclét number, number of tanks in series, and residence times) were regressed from the experimental data and compared using one-way ANOVA to determine the effects of materials properties on RTD. A model independent approach using a Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) was also applied to compare the results with the model dependent method. Lastly, examples of how the RTD models can aid process design and understanding were described using both continuous and discrete convolution. The RTD models and their regressed coefficients were used to predict the mixing outputs of a semi-random input and the impact of disturbances on the process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-544
Number of pages20
JournalPowder Technology
Volume344
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Keywords

  • Axial dispersion
  • Continuous manufacturing.
  • Mixing
  • Modeling
  • Powder blending
  • Tanks-in-series

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