Effect of nifedipine on regional O2 consumption in ischemic myocardial tissue

Gary J. Grover, Peter Scholz, James W. Mackenzie, Harvey R. Weiss

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3 Scopus citations


The effect of intravenous (i.v.) nifedipine (5 μg/kg/min) on regional O2 supply/consumption variables was determined in 14 anesthetized open-chest dogs subjected to left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) stenosis sufficient to reduce blood flow 50%. Myocardial blood flow was measured using radioactive microspheres, and regional arterial and venous O2 saturations were determined using microspectrophotometry. During LAD occlusion, blood flow and O2 consumption were decreased in the ischemic region while O2 extraction was increased. With nifedipine treatment, LAD flow (flow probe) was increased 44% as compared with the initial occluded value, with most of this increase going to the subepicardium (microspheres). Flow to the ischemic subendocardium was not changed with nifedipine treatment. Ischemic subepicardial O2 consumption increased slightly in nifedipine-treated animals as compared with saline values, whereas O2 extraction decreased slightly. In the subendocardial region, nifedipine resulted in a significant decrease in O2 extraction, with a slight decrease in O2 consumption as compared with saline controls. The O2 supply/demand ratio was significantly improved with nifedipine only in the subendocardium of the ischemic region. This suggested that nifedipine could increase O2 consumption in the ischemic subepicardium through proportional increase in O2 supply while it decreased O2 consumption in the subendocardium relative to O2 supply.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)396-401
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of cardiovascular pharmacology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


  • Ischemia
  • Myocardial O consumption
  • Myocardial blood flow
  • Nifedipine
  • O supply/demand


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