This study was performed to determine if the partially occluded myocardium could maintain its O2 supply-to-consumption ratio during atrial pacing. In 14 open-chest anesthetized dogs, the left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded to 50% of base-line flow, and in half of the dogs the hearts were paced to 50% above base-line heart rate. Blood flows were determined by use of microspheres before and after occlusion, and O2 supply-consumption variables were determined by use of microspectrophotometry. After occlusion in control and paced groups, blood flow was depressed in the ischemic region compared with the nonischemic region. In paced animals, blood flows in all regions were significantly higher compared with their respective values in nonpaced animals. After pacing, mean O2 consumption was 34% higher (53% in the occluded region) compared with control animals. The O2 supply-to-consumpton ratio was similar in the occluded region of paced animals compared with the same region in controls. This ratio was lower in ischemic regions of both groups compared with their respective nonischemic regions. This indicates that, despite a reduced O2 supply-to-consumption ratio in the ischemic area, an unutilized reserve of flow exists.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - 1985|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)