Examined the effect of prenatal alcohol and cigarette exposure on infant adrenocortical reactivity to stress at 2 and 6 months of age. Cortisol response (pre-to poststressor increase) at 2 months was lower for the exposed than nonexposed infants, whereas cortisol response at 6 months did not differ between the exposed and nonexposed infants. The 2-month group difference in cortisol response reflected a higher prestressor cortisol level in the exposed infants.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Adrenocortical reactivity
- Prenatal exposure