Effect of prenatal alcohol and cigarette exposure on two- and six-month-old infants' adrenocortical reactivity to stress

Douglas S. Ramsay, Margaret I. Bendersky, Michael Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Examined the effect of prenatal alcohol and cigarette exposure on infant adrenocortical reactivity to stress at 2 and 6 months of age. Cortisol response (pre-to poststressor increase) at 2 months was lower for the exposed than nonexposed infants, whereas cortisol response at 6 months did not differ between the exposed and nonexposed infants. The 2-month group difference in cortisol response reflected a higher prestressor cortisol level in the exposed infants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-840
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Keywords

  • Adrenocortical reactivity
  • Alcohol
  • Cigarettes
  • Cortisol
  • Inoculation
  • Prenatal exposure

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