The effect of temperature on the reductive dechlorination in sediments of the PCDD/F-contaminated Kymijoki River, Finland was assessed with 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzofuran (1,2,3,4-TeCDF) at various temperatures and with co-amendment of 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol (2,3,4,6-TeCP) in laboratory microcosms. The dechlorination rate of 1,2,3,4-TeCDF increased with incubation temperature, with TeCDF half-lives of 2.1 y at 21. °C, 3.9 y at 15. °C, and 19.0 y at 4. °C. Co-amendment with 2,3,4,6-TeCP reduced the TeCDF half-life to 1.8 y at 21. °C. 1,2,3,4-TeCDF was dechlorinated mainly in the lateral position to 1,3,4-TrCDF and then to 1,3-DiCDF over 29 months, but incubation temperature affected the relative molar ratios of the dechlorination products. The abundance of the Dehalococcoides-like Chloroflexi community did not substantially change in microcosms over 24 months incubation at the different temperatures. The dechlorination activity of 1,2,3,4-TeCDF was significantly limited at lower temperatures, which should be considered in predicting the environmental fate of aged PCDD/Fs in sediments of the Kymijoki River.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
- Reductive dechlorination