Effect of trap design, chemical lure, carbon dioxide release rate, and source of carbon dioxide on efficacy of bed bug monitors

Narinderpal Singh, Changlu Wang, Richard Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bed bugs, (Cimex lectularius L.), are difficult to find because of their nocturnal and secretive behavior. In recent years, a number of monitors containing carbon dioxide (CO2), chemical lures, heat, or both, to attract bed bugs have been developed for detecting bed bugs. Ineffective trap design, lack of attraction of chemical lures, high cost of the CO2 delivery system, or insufficient CO2 release rates are some factors that limited the wide adoption of these monitors. To develop an affordable and effective monitor, we conducted a series of laboratory and field tests. Specifically, we tested a new pitfall trap design, a chemical lure mixture, different CO2 release rates, and a sugar and yeast mixture as CO 2 source. Results show the new pitfall trap design was significantly more effective than Climbup insect interceptor, the most effective passive monitor available in the market for bed bugs. The experimental chemical lure mixture increased Climbup insect interceptor catch by 2.2 times. Results exhibit a distinct positive relationship between the CO2 release rates and bed bug trap catches. There were no significant differences between CO 2 derived from cylinders and CO2 generated from sugar and yeast mixture in their attractiveness to bed bugs. The findings suggest an effective and affordable monitor can be made incorporating the new pitfall trap design, a sugar and yeast mixture, and a chemical lure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1802-1811
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of economic entomology
Volume106
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Fingerprint

Cimicidae
traps
carbon dioxide
pitfall trap
monitoring
pitfall traps
yeast
sugar
yeasts
sugars
insect
Cimex lectularius
insects
bycatch
bug
rate
effect
chemical
market
markets

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Insect Science

Keywords

  • bed bug
  • carbon dioxide
  • chemical lure
  • pitfall
  • sugar and yeast fermentation

Cite this

@article{3b539759d89348d2880dff93da3d3a40,
title = "Effect of trap design, chemical lure, carbon dioxide release rate, and source of carbon dioxide on efficacy of bed bug monitors",
abstract = "Bed bugs, (Cimex lectularius L.), are difficult to find because of their nocturnal and secretive behavior. In recent years, a number of monitors containing carbon dioxide (CO2), chemical lures, heat, or both, to attract bed bugs have been developed for detecting bed bugs. Ineffective trap design, lack of attraction of chemical lures, high cost of the CO2 delivery system, or insufficient CO2 release rates are some factors that limited the wide adoption of these monitors. To develop an affordable and effective monitor, we conducted a series of laboratory and field tests. Specifically, we tested a new pitfall trap design, a chemical lure mixture, different CO2 release rates, and a sugar and yeast mixture as CO 2 source. Results show the new pitfall trap design was significantly more effective than Climbup insect interceptor, the most effective passive monitor available in the market for bed bugs. The experimental chemical lure mixture increased Climbup insect interceptor catch by 2.2 times. Results exhibit a distinct positive relationship between the CO2 release rates and bed bug trap catches. There were no significant differences between CO 2 derived from cylinders and CO2 generated from sugar and yeast mixture in their attractiveness to bed bugs. The findings suggest an effective and affordable monitor can be made incorporating the new pitfall trap design, a sugar and yeast mixture, and a chemical lure.",
keywords = "bed bug, carbon dioxide, chemical lure, pitfall, sugar and yeast fermentation",
author = "Narinderpal Singh and Changlu Wang and Richard Cooper",
year = "2013",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1603/EC13075",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "106",
pages = "1802--1811",
journal = "Journal of Economic Entomology",
issn = "0022-0493",
publisher = "Entomological Society of America",
number = "4",

}

Effect of trap design, chemical lure, carbon dioxide release rate, and source of carbon dioxide on efficacy of bed bug monitors. / Singh, Narinderpal; Wang, Changlu; Cooper, Richard.

In: Journal of economic entomology, Vol. 106, No. 4, 01.08.2013, p. 1802-1811.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of trap design, chemical lure, carbon dioxide release rate, and source of carbon dioxide on efficacy of bed bug monitors

AU - Singh, Narinderpal

AU - Wang, Changlu

AU - Cooper, Richard

PY - 2013/8/1

Y1 - 2013/8/1

N2 - Bed bugs, (Cimex lectularius L.), are difficult to find because of their nocturnal and secretive behavior. In recent years, a number of monitors containing carbon dioxide (CO2), chemical lures, heat, or both, to attract bed bugs have been developed for detecting bed bugs. Ineffective trap design, lack of attraction of chemical lures, high cost of the CO2 delivery system, or insufficient CO2 release rates are some factors that limited the wide adoption of these monitors. To develop an affordable and effective monitor, we conducted a series of laboratory and field tests. Specifically, we tested a new pitfall trap design, a chemical lure mixture, different CO2 release rates, and a sugar and yeast mixture as CO 2 source. Results show the new pitfall trap design was significantly more effective than Climbup insect interceptor, the most effective passive monitor available in the market for bed bugs. The experimental chemical lure mixture increased Climbup insect interceptor catch by 2.2 times. Results exhibit a distinct positive relationship between the CO2 release rates and bed bug trap catches. There were no significant differences between CO 2 derived from cylinders and CO2 generated from sugar and yeast mixture in their attractiveness to bed bugs. The findings suggest an effective and affordable monitor can be made incorporating the new pitfall trap design, a sugar and yeast mixture, and a chemical lure.

AB - Bed bugs, (Cimex lectularius L.), are difficult to find because of their nocturnal and secretive behavior. In recent years, a number of monitors containing carbon dioxide (CO2), chemical lures, heat, or both, to attract bed bugs have been developed for detecting bed bugs. Ineffective trap design, lack of attraction of chemical lures, high cost of the CO2 delivery system, or insufficient CO2 release rates are some factors that limited the wide adoption of these monitors. To develop an affordable and effective monitor, we conducted a series of laboratory and field tests. Specifically, we tested a new pitfall trap design, a chemical lure mixture, different CO2 release rates, and a sugar and yeast mixture as CO 2 source. Results show the new pitfall trap design was significantly more effective than Climbup insect interceptor, the most effective passive monitor available in the market for bed bugs. The experimental chemical lure mixture increased Climbup insect interceptor catch by 2.2 times. Results exhibit a distinct positive relationship between the CO2 release rates and bed bug trap catches. There were no significant differences between CO 2 derived from cylinders and CO2 generated from sugar and yeast mixture in their attractiveness to bed bugs. The findings suggest an effective and affordable monitor can be made incorporating the new pitfall trap design, a sugar and yeast mixture, and a chemical lure.

KW - bed bug

KW - carbon dioxide

KW - chemical lure

KW - pitfall

KW - sugar and yeast fermentation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84881646715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84881646715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1603/EC13075

DO - 10.1603/EC13075

M3 - Article

C2 - 24020296

AN - SCOPUS:84881646715

VL - 106

SP - 1802

EP - 1811

JO - Journal of Economic Entomology

JF - Journal of Economic Entomology

SN - 0022-0493

IS - 4

ER -