Despite much investigation of zidovudine, little has been reported regarding its effect on the development of most individual AIDS-defining illnesses, including Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). We used observational data from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) to estimate the effect of zidovudine use on the subsequent incidence of KS. To do this, we examined and adjusted for predictors of zidovudine use. CD4 lymphocyte counts, the development of HIV-related symptoms and AIDS, and changes in these factors were important predictors of zidovudine use. We used these associations to control for confounding by these and other factors with the G-estimation approach. We found no evidence that zidovudine use affected the time to KS in the MACS; the point estimate (95% confidence interval [CI]) for increase in time to KS was zero (-28%-68%). The relative risk was 1.0 (95% CI, 0.54-1.84). Randomized trials suggest that zidovudine may prevent KS. We discuss possible explanations for differences between results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases