Effectiveness of screening instruments in detecting substance use disorders among prisoners

Roger H. Peters, Paul E. Greenbaum, Marc L. Steinberg, Chris R. Carter, Madeline M. Ortiz, Bruce C. Fry, Steven K. Valle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the effectiveness of several screening instruments in detecting substance use disorders among prison inmates. A sample of 400 male inmates were administered eight different substance abuse screening instruments and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-IV), Version 2.0, Substance Abuse Disorders module. The latter was used as a diagnostic criterion measure to determine the presence of substance use disorders. Based on positive predictive value, sensitivity, and overall accuracy, the Texas Christian University Drug Screen, the Simple Screening Instrument, and a combined instrument - Alcohol Dependence Scale/Addiction Severity Index-Drug Use section were found to be the most effective in identifying substance abuse and dependence disorders. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-358
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Keywords

  • Alcohol abuse
  • Drug abuse
  • Drug abuse treatment
  • Inmates
  • Screening

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