Effectiveness of treatment foster care with children and adolescents: A review of outcome studies

Linda A. Reddy, Steven I. Pfeiffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of treatment foster care with children and adolescents. Methods: Published outcome studies (N = 40) from 1974 to 1996 were systematically reviewed and coded. A weighted predictive value statistic was used to analyze the impact of treatment foster care on five dependent variables: placement permanency, behavior problems, discharge status, social skills, and psychological adjustment. Results: Treatment foster care produced large positive effects on increasing placement permanency and children's social skills. Medium positive effects were found in reducing behavior problems, improving psychological adjustment, and reducing restrictiveness of postdischarge placement. Conclusions: Few investigations collected data both at time of program completion and follow- up, precluding a test of the durability and generalizability of treatment foster care outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-588
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1997
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


  • outcome
  • treatment foster care


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