Two groups of chronically instrumented, conscious baboons were studied. The effects of coronary artery occlusion for 3 hours and reperfusion for 1 week were examined on measurements of left ventricular function, ischemic-zone wall thickness, regional myocardial blood flow, arrhythmias, and extent of necrosis. The experimental group of animals (n = 7) was treated with the calcium channel blocker nisoldipine (0.1 μg/kg/min) from 1 hour after coronary occlusion to 3 hours after coronary reperfusion. The control group (n = 6) received the vehicle (n = 4) or saline (n = 2). The effects of coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion on arterial pressure, left ventricular systolic pressure, heart rate, and left ventricular dP/dt were similar in both groups. Systolic wall thickening was reversed to paradoxical wall thinning during occlusion in both groups, and there was no recovery to systolic wall thickening over the 1-week period in either group. There were differences in regional blood flow; during coronary artery occlusion, nisoldipine increased blood flow significantly in the endocardium and epicardium of nonischemic and ischemic zones. There was a major difference in the number of arrhythmic beats per minute on reperfusion; during reperfusion, the number of arrhythmias rose markedly in the vehicle-treated group but actually fell in the nisoldipine-treated group. The size of areas at risk, infarcts, infarcts related to the area at risk, and amount of total creatine kinase (CK) and MB-CK appearing in blood were not significantly different in the two groups. Thus, in the conscious baboon, nisoldipine administered 1 hour after coronary artery occlusion exerted a marked effect in diminishing reperfusion-induced arrhythmias and improved blood flow to the ischemic zone during occlusion but did not salvage ischemic tissue.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine