Effects of dietary phytoestrogen on global myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in isolated female rat hearts

Peiyong Zhai, Thomas E. Eurell, Robert P. Cotthaus, Elizabeth H. Jeffery, Janice M. Bahr, David R. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the effects of phytoestrogen on global myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in five groups of female rats. A high-phytoestrogen group (HPE) was ovariectomized (Ovx) and fed a diet containing soybean protein and a high-isoflavone soy extract. Another Ovx group of rats was fed the same diet as the HPE group but treated with the estrogen receptor blocker ICI-182,780 (HPE + ICI). A third group of Ovx rats was fed a diet containing soybean protein alone (low-phytoestrogen content; LPE). A fourth Ovx group was fed a diet free of phytoestrogen (Ovx). The fifth group of rats was sham ovariectomized (sham). Hearts from all rats were subjected to 30 min of global, hypothermic (4°C), cardioplegic ischemia and 120 min of normothermic (37°C) reperfusion with oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit buffer. Compared with either the sham or the HPE group, the Ovx and HPE + ICI groups had significantly decreased first derivative of left ventricular pressure (dP/dt), coronary flow rate (CFR), nitrite production and mitochondrial respiratory function and significantly increased Ca2+ accumulation and myocardial histological and ultrastructural injury. The CFR of the LPE group was significantly different from that of either Ovx or HPE + ICI group but the dP/dt, nitrite production, Ca2+ accumulation, and mitochondrial function were not. Our results indicate that diets containing phytoestrogen extract play a cardioprotective role in global myocardial ischemia-reperfusion in female rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1223-H1232
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume281
Issue number3 50-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Cardioplegia
  • Mitochondrial function
  • Myocardial ultrastructure
  • Nitric oxide

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