Effects of rapamycin on cerebral oxygen supply and consumption during reperfusion after cerebral ischemia

O. Z. Chi, S. Barsoum, N. M. Vega-Cotto, E. Jacinto, X. Liu, S. J. Mellender, H. R. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) leads to cell growth and survival. We tested the hypothesis that inhibition of mTOR would increase infarct size and decrease microregional O2 supply/consumption balance after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. This was tested in isoflurane-anesthetized rats with middle cerebral artery blockade for 1h and reperfusion for 2h with and without rapamycin (20mg/kg once daily for two days prior to ischemia). Regional cerebral blood flow was determined using a C14-iodoantipyrine autoradiographic technique. Regional small-vessel arterial and venous oxygen saturations were determined microspectrophotometrically. The control ischemic-reperfused cortex had a similar blood flow and O2 consumption to the contralateral cortex. However, microregional O2 supply/consumption balance was significantly reduced in the ischemic-reperfused cortex. Rapamycin significantly increased cerebral O2 consumption and further reduced O2 supply/consumption balance in the reperfused area. This was associated with an increased cortical infarct size (13.5±0.8% control vs. 21.5±0.9% rapamycin). We also found that ischemia-reperfusion increased AKT and S6K1 phosphorylation, while rapamycin decreased this phosphorylation in both the control and ischemic-reperfused cortex. This suggests that mTOR is important for not only cell survival, but also for the control of oxygen balance after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-327
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroscience
Volume316
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Keywords

  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion
  • Mammalian target of rapamycin
  • Oxygen supply/consumption
  • Rapamycin

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