We have investigated the importance of serine and threonine residues within the signal peptide in the secretion and processing of the major outer membrane lipoprotein precursor prolipoprotein in Escherichia coli. This was accomplished by systematically replacing these residues with alanine utilizing oligodeoxyribonucleotide-directed mutagenesis. The results demonstrated that the replacement of serine 15 but not threonine 16 alone caused an initial accumulation of membrane-bound unmodified prolipoprotein. In addition, replacement of both serine 15 and threonine 16 resulted in a greater accumulation of this membrane-bound precursor. The accumulated prolipoprotein could be matured to lipoprotein in a quantitative manner, and this process was inhibited by globomycin and carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone. These results will be discussed in terms of the contribution that serine and threonine have in determining the overall secondary structure of the signal peptide and its importance in secretion and/or processing.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1984|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology