The effects of surface tension, surface dilational modulus, stress relaxation time, and shear stress modulus on the surface laser light scattering (SLLS) spectrum of polymer solutions are investigated. The capillary wave component is significantly affected by both the stress relaxation time and the amplitude of the shear stress modulus. At moderate concentration, before crossing over to the elastic regime, a strong quasielastic component dominates the SLLS spectrum in polymer solution. In the viscoelastic regime, the capillary wave component of the SLLS spectrum is suppressed by the increase of the surface dilational modulus. The decrease of the surface tension gives rise to an effect similar to that caused by increasing the dilational modulus. However, at high polymer concentration in the elastic regime, the dilational modulus has only a negligible effect on the SLLS spectrum, in contrast to the effect of surface tension.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry