Efficacy of an essential oil-based pesticide for controlling bed bug (Cimex lectularius) infestations in apartment buildings

Changlu Wang, Narinderpal Singh, Richard Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius L. and Cimex hemipterus F.) are among the most difficult urban pests to manage. Many essential oil-based bed bug control products that are considered reduced risk to mammals compared to synthetic insect neurotoxins have become commercially available, but their effectiveness as a stand-alone control method is unknown. This study assessed the field efficacy of an essential oil-based bed bug control product (EcoRaider; a.i. 1% geraniol + 1% cedar oil + 2% sodium lauryl sulfate) compared to a pyrethroid and neonicotinoid mixture spray (0.075% Temprid SC; a.i. beta-cyfluthrin + imidacloprid). After 12 weeks, the three treatments—EcoRaider, Temprid SC, and EcoRaider + Temprid SC caused 92.5 ± 2.7, 92.9 ± 3.0, and 91.7% ± 2.7% bed bug count reduction, respectively. No significant differences existed in the bed bug reduction among the treatments. Bed bugs were eliminated from only 22% of the treated apartments. Among those still with bed bugs, 76% of the residents did not know bed bugs were present. We documented the residents’ self-control practices and discussed the potential of using essential oil-based insecticides in bed bug management programs to minimize the health risks to building occupants and pets and to slow down the development of insecticide resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)849-859
Number of pages11
JournalInsects
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2014

Fingerprint

Cimex lectularius
Cimicidae
essential oils
pesticides
control methods
Cimex hemipterus
cyfluthrin
neonicotinoid insecticides
geraniol
neurotoxins
insecticide resistance
imidacloprid
sodium dodecyl sulfate
pyrethrins
pets
insecticides
pests
mammals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Insect Science

Keywords

  • Cimex lectularius
  • Efficacy
  • Essential oils
  • Integrated pest management

Cite this

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abstract = "Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius L. and Cimex hemipterus F.) are among the most difficult urban pests to manage. Many essential oil-based bed bug control products that are considered reduced risk to mammals compared to synthetic insect neurotoxins have become commercially available, but their effectiveness as a stand-alone control method is unknown. This study assessed the field efficacy of an essential oil-based bed bug control product (EcoRaider; a.i. 1{\%} geraniol + 1{\%} cedar oil + 2{\%} sodium lauryl sulfate) compared to a pyrethroid and neonicotinoid mixture spray (0.075{\%} Temprid SC; a.i. beta-cyfluthrin + imidacloprid). After 12 weeks, the three treatments—EcoRaider, Temprid SC, and EcoRaider + Temprid SC caused 92.5 ± 2.7, 92.9 ± 3.0, and 91.7{\%} ± 2.7{\%} bed bug count reduction, respectively. No significant differences existed in the bed bug reduction among the treatments. Bed bugs were eliminated from only 22{\%} of the treated apartments. Among those still with bed bugs, 76{\%} of the residents did not know bed bugs were present. We documented the residents’ self-control practices and discussed the potential of using essential oil-based insecticides in bed bug management programs to minimize the health risks to building occupants and pets and to slow down the development of insecticide resistance.",
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Efficacy of an essential oil-based pesticide for controlling bed bug (Cimex lectularius) infestations in apartment buildings. / Wang, Changlu; Singh, Narinderpal; Cooper, Richard.

In: Insects, Vol. 5, No. 4, 05.11.2014, p. 849-859.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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