Electromechanical properties of flash sintered BNT-based piezoelectric ceramic

Elaheh Taghaddos, Harry Charalambous, Thomas Tsakalakos, Ahmed Safari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Lead-free, (BiNa 0.88 K 0.08 Li 0.04 ) 0.5 Ti 0.995 Mn 0.015 O 3 piezoceramic has been successfully densified by a novel electrical current applied technique known as flash sintering (FS) at 880 °C. The effect of alternating and direct current, current density limit and holding time on the densification, crystal structure, electromechanical and electrical properties have been investigated. The optimum flash condition was obtained with a 1 KHz alternating current, 100 V·cm −1 initial electric field and preset maximum current limit of 1.5 A·cm -2 . The flash sintered specimen is characterized with finer grain size (10–15 μm), slightly higher electromechanical properties and higher symmetry butterfly shape strain hysteresis loop compared to conventional sintering. Under both sintering conditions uniform distribution of elements and pure rhombohedral structure were observed. Flash sintering also results in lower resistivity and more significant grain boundaries contributions in the conduction mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2882-2888
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number9
StatePublished - Aug 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


  • BNT-based
  • Ferroelectric
  • Flash sintering
  • Impedance spectroscopy
  • Lead-free piezoceramic


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