Electronic functionalization of the surface of organic semiconductors with self-assembled monolayers

M. F. Calhoun, J. Sanchez, D. Olaya, Michael Gershenson, Vitaly Podzorov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

168 Scopus citations


Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) are widely used in a variety of emerging applications for surface modification of metals and oxides. Here, we demonstrate a new type of molecular self-assembly: the growth of organosilane SAMs at the surface of organic semiconductors. Remarkably, SAM growth results in a pronounced increase of the surface conductivity of organic materials, which can be very large for SAMs with a strong electron-withdrawing ability. For example, the conductivity induced by perfluorinated alkyl silanes in organic molecular crystals approaches 10 5 S per square, two orders of magnitude greater than the maximum conductivity typically achieved in organic field-effect transistors. The observed large electronic effect opens new opportunities for nanoscale surface functionalization of organic semiconductors with molecular self-assembly. In particular, SAM-induced conductivity shows sensitivity to different molecular species present in the environment, which makes this system very attractive for chemical sensing applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-89
Number of pages6
JournalNature materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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