Electronic origin of giant magnetic anisotropy in multiferroic LuFe2O4

K. T. Ko, H. J. Noh, J. Y. Kim, B. G. Park, J. H. Park, A. Tanaka, S. B. Kim, C. L. Zhang, S. W. Cheong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


We investigated the orbital anisotropy of LuFe2O4 using the Fe L2,3- and O K-edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and cluster model calculations. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism reveals a surprisingly large orbital magnetic moment (mo∼0.8μB/f.u.), which originates the giant magnetic anisotropy. The polarization dependent XAS enables us to identify the orbital states and occupations, different from the band calculation predictions. These findings were examined by using the cluster model analysis, which also explains the orbital magnetic moment as well as the total moment (2.9μB/f.u.). Taking into account the charge order, we also determined the spin structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number207202
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number20
StatePublished - Nov 12 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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