Empirical estimation of local dielectric constants: Toward atomistic design of collagen mimetic peptides

Douglas H. Pike, Vikas Nanda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

One of the key challenges in modeling protein energetics is the treatment of solvent interactions. This is particularly important in the case of peptides, where much of the molecule is highly exposed to solvent due to its small size. In this study, we develop an empirical method for estimating the local dielectric constant based on an additive model of atomic polarizabilities. Calculated values match reported apparent dielectric constants for a series of Staphylococcus aureus nuclease mutants. Calculated constants are used to determine screening effects on Coulombic interactions and to determine solvation contributions based on a modified Generalized Born model. These terms are incorporated into the protein modeling platform protCAD, and benchmarked on a data set of collagen mimetic peptides for which experimentally determined stabilities are available. Computing local dielectric constants using atomistic protein models and the assumption of additive atomic polarizabilities is a rapid and potentially useful method for improving electrostatics and solvation calculations that can be applied in the computational design of peptides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-370
Number of pages11
JournalBiopolymers
Volume104
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Organic Chemistry

Keywords

  • collagen
  • dielectric
  • electrostatics
  • polarizability
  • protein design
  • salvation

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