Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the underlying structure of participation in a worksite wellness programme, and to examine the relationship between the demographic and quality of life (QOL) characteristics of employees, and the wellness programme offerings in which they choose to participate. Design: The cross-sectional design of this study involved gathering data from individuals at one point in time, following their decision to participate (or not participate) in a worksite wellness programme. Setting: This study involved county government employees in a Midwestern United States community. Method: Surveys were mailed to a random sample of 329 county government employees. The survey included demographics and measured QOL via the Short Form-36 (SF-36). One-week and three-week follow-ups were conducted in attempt to increase the survey response rate. Results: Two dimensions of wellness programme participation were identified to exist among wellness programme participants: (1) medical offerings; and (2) health education offerings. Certain employee characteristics were associated with participation in each of the two dimensions of participation. Conclusion: Findings suggest demographic and QOL characteristics may predict the type of employees a programme might expect to participate in wellness offerings. Results may be useful for worksite wellness programme coordinators regarding tailoring programme offerings, participant recruitment, and education efforts, based on the characteristics of the employee population.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Quality of life
- Worksite wellness