Endocrine Alterations in the Equine Athlete: An Update

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Scopus citations


Horses spend most of their day eating, standing, and occasionally exercising. Exercise can range from running in a pasture to athletic training. Under resting conditions, horses easily maintain the internal environment. The performance of work or exercise is a major physiologic challenge, a disturbance to homeostasis that invokes an integrative response from multiple organ systems. The response to exercise involves endocrine and neuroendocrine signaling associated with the short-term and adaptive control of many systems. The coordinated control of multiple physiologic variables is essential for achieving regulation to maintain the integrity of the internal environment of the body.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-218
Number of pages22
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Equine Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Equine


  • Growth hormone
  • Insulin
  • Leptin
  • Pituitary
  • Stress
  • Thyroid
  • Training

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