Endocytosis machinery is required for β1-adrenergic receptor-induced hypertrophy in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes

Carmine Morisco, Chiara Marrone, Jonathan Galeotti, Dan Shao, Dorothy E. Vatner, Stephen F. Vatner, Junichi Sadoshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations


Aims: Cardiac hypertrophy by activation of the β-adrenergic receptor (βAR) is mediated more efficiently by the β1-AR than by the β2-AR. We investigated the signalling mechanism by which the β1-AR mediates cardiac hypertrophy. Methods and results: Experiments were performed in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Hypertrophy was determined by the protein/DNA content and atrial natriuretic factor transcription. Phosphorylation of Akt and Src was assessed by immunoblotting. Isoproterenol (ISO, 10 μM), a non-selective β-AR agonist, caused selective downregulation of the β1-AR (control β1 vs. β2: 35 vs. 65%, Bmax 78 ± 4 fmol/mg; 4 h, 10 vs. 90%, 61 ± 5 fmol/mg). Concanavalin A (Con A, 0.5 μg/mL), an inhibitor of endocytosis, prevented downregulation of β1-ARs by ISO treatment (4 h, 35 vs. 65%, 73 ± 8 fmol/mg), suggesting that β1-ARs selectively undergo endocytosis. Interference with β1-AR endocytosis by Con A, carboxyl terminal peptide of β-AR kinase-1, dominant negative (DN) β-arrestin-1, or DN dynamin inhibited β-adrenergic hypertrophy, suggesting that the endocytosis machinery plays a key role in mediating β-adrenergic hypertrophy. Activation of Akt by the β1-AR was blocked by inhibition of the endocytosis machinery, suggesting that endocytosis mediates activation of Akt. Akt plays a critical role in β-adrenergic hypertrophy, since DN Akt blocked ISO-induced hypertrophy. β-Adrenergic activation of Akt is mediated by Src, which associates with the endocytosis machinery and is necessary and sufficient to mediate β-adrenergic hypertrophy. Conclusion: Activation of the endocytosis machinery is required for activation of Akt, which, in turn, critically mediates β1-AR-induced cardiac hypertrophy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-44
Number of pages9
JournalCardiovascular research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


  • Cell culture
  • Myocytes
  • Protein kinases
  • Protein phosphorylation

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