Michael S. Kresloff, Alessandro A. Castellarin, Marco A. Zarbin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

283 Scopus citations


Endophthalmitis is an inflammatory reaction of intraocular fluids or tissues. Infectious endophthalmitis is one of the most serious complications of ophthalmic surgery. Occasionally, infectious endophthalmitis depends on timely diagnosis and institution of appropriate therapy. Recognition of the different clinical settings in which endophthalmitis occurs and awareness of the highly variable presentation it may have facilitate timely diagnosis. Biopsy of intraocular fluid/tissue is the only method that permits reliable diagnosis and treatment. The different presenting clinical settings, a rational approach to diagnosis (i.e., when, what, and how to biopsy), and the treatment of infectious endophthalmitis are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-224
Number of pages32
JournalSurvey of ophthalmology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology


  • Acute postoperative endophthalmitis
  • Antibiotics
  • Chronic postoperative endophthalmitis
  • Endogenousendophthalmitis
  • Inflammation
  • Phacoanaphylactic endophthalmitis
  • Phacolytic glaucoma
  • Posttrabeculectomy endophthalmitis
  • Posttraumatic endophthalmitis
  • Sympathetic ophthalmia
  • Vitrectomy


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