In the current study we used microarray (MA) analysis to examine gene expression changes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) exposed to the tumor-derived cytokine, endothelial monocyte-activating polypeptide-II (EMAP-II). HUVEC treated with EMAP-II for 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8 h, were analyzed using 10K cDNA arrays. Our results demonstrated that changes in gene expression of <0.5 and >2 fold were seen for 69 genes and the majority of gene changes occurred early. Validation of MA analysis for 10 genes by real time RT-PCR, demonstrated the gene changes to be consistent and specific to HUVEC when compared to human fibroblasts treated with EMAP-II. Among these genes, downregulated in ovarian cancer 1 (DOC1) gene was studied further because of its possible role in EMAP-II induced cytoskeletal remodeling. DOC1 expression was silenced using small interfering RNA. SiRNA to DOC1 completely abolished EMAP-II stimulated gene expression of DOC1. Silencing of DOC1 gene expression reversed the modulatory effect of EMAP-II on 4 other genes, suggesting that DOC1 might play a role in mediating some of the effects of EMAP-II on endothelial cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Molecular Biology
- Endothelial cells
- Microarray analysis