To determine the feasibility of the endovascular management of intimal defects while comparing the accuracy of arteriography with angioscopy and intravascular ultrasonography, we developed an in vivo model of arterial intimal flaps. In 10 superficial femoral arteries of five anesthetized mongrel dogs, intimal flaps were constructed and then imaged by arteriography, angioscopy, and intravascular ultrasound. A flexible microbiopsy forceps was used to remove each intimal flap under angioscopic guidance. Arteriographic lumen diameters were measured and cross-sectional areas calculated. Corresponding measurements by angioscopy and intravascular ultrasound with reduction in luminal area at the flap were obtained by use of computerized planimetry. Uniplanar arteriography identified 60% ( 6 10) of the intimal flaps, whereas angioscopy and intravascular ultrasound demonstrated 100%. Lumen diameter (in millimeters) measured by arteriography (3.4 ± 0.6) correlated significantly with measurements by angioscopy (3.5 ± 0.5, r = 0.77) and intravascular ultrasound (3.5 ± 0.6, r = 0.96). Similarly, lumen area (square millimeters) by arteriography (9.2 ± 2.9) correlated with measurements by angioscopy (8.9 ± 2.2, r = 0.82) and intravascular ultrasound (8.6 ± 2.7, r = 0.91). Reduction in lumen area by the flap by angioscopy (37 ± 7%) and intravascular ultrasound (33 ± 8%) also correlated significantly (r = 0.72). The intimal flaps were removed successfully in all 10 arteries as confirmed by arteriography, angioscopy, and intravascular ultrasound. We conclude that the endovascular management of intimal defects is possible. Additionally, angioscopy and intravascular ultrasound accurately evaluate lumen diameter and area while providing direct assessment of intimal defects.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine