Energy intake and diet selection during buffet consumption in women classified by the 6-N-Propylthiouracil bitter taste phenotype1-3

Yasmine Shafaie, Yvonne Koelliker, Daniel J. Hoffman, Beverly J. Tepper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Background: Exposure to a variety of energy-dense foods promotes increased energy intake and adiposity. Taste blindness to the bitterness of 6-N-Propylthiouracil (PROP) has been associated with increased adiposity in women and might be linked to an increased energy intake and greater selection of dietary fat. Objective: We investigated whether PROP nontaster (NT) women would consume more fat and energy in a buffet setting than medium taster (MT) or supertaster (ST) women. Design: Seventy-five non-diet-restrained, lean, young women [mean ± SEM BMI (in kg/m2): 21.5 ± 0.6; age: 26.1 ± 1.3 y) ate lunch and dinner in the laboratory for 3 consecutive days under the following 2 conditions: ad libitum control meals (CONTs) or high-variety buffet meals (BUFFs). A standard breakfast was consumed each day of the study (4-d washout between conditions). Results: NTs and MTs consumed more energy and fat (as the percentage of energy) from BUFFs than did STs (P < 0.01), which contributed to higher daily energy intakes in these 2 groups of women during BUFFs (2149 ± 49 kcal/d for NTs and 2209 ± 48 kcal/d for MTs compared with 1933 ± 50 kcal/d for STs; P < 0.01). Together, NTs and MTs consumed an extra 246 kcal/d during BUFFs than during CONTs. In addition, compared with STs, NTs and MTs consumed more added fats and sweets (servings/d; P < 0.003) and more energy from snacks (P < 0.01) across all study days. Conclusions: NT and MT women consume more daily energy than do STwomen when eating in a buffet setting, which is a common type of dietary exposure. This increase in energy intake over time could contribute to a positive energy balance and increased adiposity previously reported in these women. Am J Clin Nutr 2013;98:1583-91.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1583-1591
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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