Engineering hepatocyte functional fate through growth factor dynamics: The role of cell morphologic priming

Eric J. Semler, Prabhas Moghe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have reported previously that cellular stimulation induced by variable mechanochemical properties of the extracellular microenvironment can significantly alter liver-specific function in cultured hepatocytes (Semler et al., Biotech Bioeng 69:359-369, 2000). Cell activation via time-invariant presentation of biochemical growth factors was found to either enhance or repress cellular differentiation of cultured hepatocytes depending on the mechanical properties of the underlying substrate. In this work, we investigated the effects of dynamic growth factor stimulation on the cell growth and differentiation behavior of hepatocytes cultured on either compliant or rigid substrates. Specifically, hepatotrophic growth factors (epidermal and hepatocyte) were either temporally added or withdrawn from hepatocyte cultures on Matrigel that was crosslinked to yield differential degrees of mechanical compliance. We determined that the functional responsiveness of hepatocytes to fluctuations in GF stimulation is substrate specific but only in conditions in which the initial mechanochemical environment induced significant cell morphogenesis. Our studies indicate that in conditions under which hepatocytes adopted a "rounded" phenotype, they exhibited increased levels of differentiated function upon soluble stimulation and markedly decreased function upon the depletion of GF stimulation. In contrast, hepatocytes that assumed a "spread" phenotype exhibited slightly increased function upon the depletion of GF stimulation. By examining the functional responsiveness of hepatocytes of differential morphology to varied fluctuations in GF activation, insights into the ability of cell shape to "prime" hepatocyte behavior in dynamic microenvironments were elucidated. We report on the possibility of uncoupling and, thus, selectively manipulating, the concerted contributions of GF-induced cellular activation and substrate- and GF-induced cell morphogenesis toward induction of cell function

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)510-520
Number of pages11
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2001

Fingerprint

Hepatocytes
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Chemical activation
Substrates
Morphogenesis
Phenotype
Cell Shape
Cell growth
Liver
Compliance
Cell Differentiation
Cells
Mechanical properties
Growth

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Keywords

  • Hepatocyte
  • Matrigel growth factors
  • Morphology

Cite this

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abstract = "We have reported previously that cellular stimulation induced by variable mechanochemical properties of the extracellular microenvironment can significantly alter liver-specific function in cultured hepatocytes (Semler et al., Biotech Bioeng 69:359-369, 2000). Cell activation via time-invariant presentation of biochemical growth factors was found to either enhance or repress cellular differentiation of cultured hepatocytes depending on the mechanical properties of the underlying substrate. In this work, we investigated the effects of dynamic growth factor stimulation on the cell growth and differentiation behavior of hepatocytes cultured on either compliant or rigid substrates. Specifically, hepatotrophic growth factors (epidermal and hepatocyte) were either temporally added or withdrawn from hepatocyte cultures on Matrigel that was crosslinked to yield differential degrees of mechanical compliance. We determined that the functional responsiveness of hepatocytes to fluctuations in GF stimulation is substrate specific but only in conditions in which the initial mechanochemical environment induced significant cell morphogenesis. Our studies indicate that in conditions under which hepatocytes adopted a {"}rounded{"} phenotype, they exhibited increased levels of differentiated function upon soluble stimulation and markedly decreased function upon the depletion of GF stimulation. In contrast, hepatocytes that assumed a {"}spread{"} phenotype exhibited slightly increased function upon the depletion of GF stimulation. By examining the functional responsiveness of hepatocytes of differential morphology to varied fluctuations in GF activation, insights into the ability of cell shape to {"}prime{"} hepatocyte behavior in dynamic microenvironments were elucidated. We report on the possibility of uncoupling and, thus, selectively manipulating, the concerted contributions of GF-induced cellular activation and substrate- and GF-induced cell morphogenesis toward induction of cell function",
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Engineering hepatocyte functional fate through growth factor dynamics : The role of cell morphologic priming. / Semler, Eric J.; Moghe, Prabhas.

In: Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol. 75, No. 5, 05.12.2001, p. 510-520.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - We have reported previously that cellular stimulation induced by variable mechanochemical properties of the extracellular microenvironment can significantly alter liver-specific function in cultured hepatocytes (Semler et al., Biotech Bioeng 69:359-369, 2000). Cell activation via time-invariant presentation of biochemical growth factors was found to either enhance or repress cellular differentiation of cultured hepatocytes depending on the mechanical properties of the underlying substrate. In this work, we investigated the effects of dynamic growth factor stimulation on the cell growth and differentiation behavior of hepatocytes cultured on either compliant or rigid substrates. Specifically, hepatotrophic growth factors (epidermal and hepatocyte) were either temporally added or withdrawn from hepatocyte cultures on Matrigel that was crosslinked to yield differential degrees of mechanical compliance. We determined that the functional responsiveness of hepatocytes to fluctuations in GF stimulation is substrate specific but only in conditions in which the initial mechanochemical environment induced significant cell morphogenesis. Our studies indicate that in conditions under which hepatocytes adopted a "rounded" phenotype, they exhibited increased levels of differentiated function upon soluble stimulation and markedly decreased function upon the depletion of GF stimulation. In contrast, hepatocytes that assumed a "spread" phenotype exhibited slightly increased function upon the depletion of GF stimulation. By examining the functional responsiveness of hepatocytes of differential morphology to varied fluctuations in GF activation, insights into the ability of cell shape to "prime" hepatocyte behavior in dynamic microenvironments were elucidated. We report on the possibility of uncoupling and, thus, selectively manipulating, the concerted contributions of GF-induced cellular activation and substrate- and GF-induced cell morphogenesis toward induction of cell function

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