The bioavailabilities and bioequivalences of single 200-mg doses of itraconazole solution and two capsule formulations were evaluated in a crossover study of 30 male volunteers. The two capsule formulations were bioequivalent. The bioavailabilities of the solutions itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole were 30 to 33% and 35 to 37% greater, respectively, than those of either capsule. However, the maximum concentrations of the drug in plasma (C(max)), the times to C(max) and the terminal half-lives were comparable for all three formulations. These data indicate that the bioavailabilities of itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole are enhanced when administered as an oral solution instead of capsules.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases