Enhanced ca 2 transport and muscle relaxation in skeletal muscle from sarcolipin-null mice

A. Russell Tupling, Eric Bombardier, Subash C. Gupta, Dawar Hussain, Chris Vigna, Darin Bloemberg, Joe Quadrilatero, Maria G. Trivieri, Gopal J. Babu, Peter H. Backx, Muthu Periasamy, David H. Maclennan, Anthony O. Gramolini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Sarcolipin (SLN) inhibits sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca 2+-ATPase (SERCA) pumps. To evaluate the physiological significance of SLN in skeletal muscle, we compared muscle contractility and SERCA activity between Sln-null and wild-type mice. SLN protein expression in wild-type mice was abundant in soleus and red gastrocnemius (RG), low in extensor digitorum longus (EDL), and absent from white gastrocnemius (WG). SERCA activity rates were increased in soleus and RG, but not in EDL or WG, from Sln-null muscles, compared with wild type. No differences were seen between wild-type and Sln-null EDL muscles in force-frequency curves or maximum rates of force development (+dF/dt). Maximum relaxation rates (-dF/dt) of EDL were higher in Sln-null than wild type across a range of submaximal stimulation frequencies, but not during a twitch or peak tetanic contraction. For soleus, no differences were seen between wild type and Sln-null in peak tetanic force or +dF/dt; however, forcefrequency curves showed that peak force during a twitch and 10-Hz contraction was lower in Sln-null. Changes in the soleus forcefrequency curve corresponded with faster rates of force relaxation at nearly all stimulation frequencies in Sln-null compared with wild type. Repeated tetanic stimulation of soleus caused increased (-dF/dt) in wild type, but not in Sln-null. No compensatory responses were detected in analysis of other Ca 2+ regulatory proteins using Western blotting and immunohistochemistry or myosin heavy chain expression using immunofluorescence. These results show that 1) SLN regulates Ca 2+-ATPase activity thereby regulating contractile kinetics in at least some skeletal muscles, 2) the functional significance of SLN is graded to the endogenous SLN expression level, and 3) SLN inhibitory effects on SERCA function are relieved in response to repeated contractions thus enhancing relaxation rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C841-C849
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology


  • Caspi pump
  • Isolated skeletal muscle
  • Knockout mouse
  • Muscle contractility


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