Enhanced hepatotoxicity by acetaminophen in Vanin-knockout mice is associated with deficient proliferative and immune responses

Daniel W. Ferreira, Michael J. Goedken, Samuel Rommelaere, Lionel Chasson, Franck Galland, Philippe Naquet, José E. Manautou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Background and aims: Pretreatment with clofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARa) agonist, protects mice from acetaminophen (APAP) injury. Protection is not due to alterations in APAP metabolism and is dependent on PPARa expression. Gene array analysis revealed that mice receiving clofibrate have enhanced hepatic Vanin-(Vnn1) gene expression, a response that is also PPARa dependent. Methods: We examined the role of Vnn1 by comparing the responses of Vnn1 knockout and wild-type mice following APAP hepatotoxicity. APAP metabolism, hepatotoxicity, and compensatory hepatocyte proliferation and immune responses were assessed. Results: Vnn1 knockout mice are more susceptible to APAP hepatotoxicity despite no differences in hepatic glutathione content, gene expression of APAP metabolizing enzymes, or hepatic capacity to bioactivate or detoxify APAP ex vivo. Together, these data strongly suggest that the susceptibility of Vnn1 knockout mice is not due to differences in APAP metabolism. Immunochemistry revealed a lack of proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive hepatocytes and F4/80-positive macrophages in and around areas of centrilobular necrosis in APAP-treated Vnn1 knockouts. Hepatic gene induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines was either significantly reduced or completely blunted in these mice. This was correlated with a reduction in early recruitment of cells positive for granulocyte differentiation antigen 1 or integrin alpha M. Heightened toxicity was also observed in CCl4 and ConA hepatitis models in the absence of Vnn1. Conclusions: These results indicate that mice lacking Vnn1 have deficiencies in compensatory repair and immune responses following toxic APAP exposure and that these mechanisms may contribute to the enhanced hepatotoxicity seen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)662-669
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology


  • Clofibrate
  • Cysteamine
  • Liver
  • Pantetheine hydrolase
  • Peroxisome proliferators


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