Epigenetic silencing of a multifunctional plant stress regulator

Mark Zander, Björn C. Willige, Yupeng He, Thu A. Nguyen, Amber E. Langford, Ramlah Nehring, Elizabeth Howell, Robert McGrath, Anna Bartlett, Rosa Castanon, Joseph R. Nery, Uaming Chen, Zhuzhu Zhang, Florian Jupe, Anna Stepanova, Robert J. Schmitz, Mathew G. Lewsey, Joanne Chory, Joseph R. Ecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The central regulator of the ethylene (ET) signaling pathway, which controls a plethora of developmental programs and responses to environmental cues in plants, is ETHYLENE- INSENSITIVE2 (EIN2). Here we identify a chromatin-dependent regulatory mechanism at EIN2 requiring two genes: ETHYLENE-INSENSITIVE6 (EIN6), which is a H3K27me3 demethylase also known as RELATIVE OF EARLY FLOWERING6 (REF6), and EIN6 ENHANCER (EEN), the Arabidopsis homolog of the yeast INO80 chromatin remodeling complex subunit IES6 (INO EIGHTY SUBUNIT). Strikingly, EIN6 (REF6) and the INO80 complex redundantly control the level and the localization of the repressive histone modification H3K27me3 and the histone variant H2A. Z at the 5’ untranslated region (5’UTR) intron of EIN2. Concomitant loss of EIN6 (REF6) and the INO80 complex shifts the chromatin landscape at EIN2 to a repressive state causing a dramatic reduction of EIN2 expression. These results uncover a unique type of chromatin regulation which safeguards the expression of an essential multifunctional plant stress regulator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere47835
StatePublished - Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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