Epithelial IL-15 is a critical regulator of gd intraepithelial lymphocyte motility within the intestinal mucosa

Madeleine D. Hu, Alexander D. Ethridge, Rebecca Lipstein, Sushil Kumar, Yitang Wang, Bana Jabri, Jerrold R. Turner, Karen L. Edelblum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) expressing the gd TCR (gd IELs) provide continuous surveillance of the intestinal epithelium. However, the mechanisms regulating the basal motility of these cells within the epithelial compartment have not been well defined. We investigated whether IL-15 contributes to gd IEL localization and migratory behavior in addition to its role in IEL differentiation and survival. Using advanced live cell imaging techniques in mice, we find that compartmentalized overexpression of IL-15 in the lamina propria shifts the distribution of gd T cells from the epithelial compartment to the lamina propria. This mislocalization could be rescued by epithelial IL-15 overexpression, indicating that epithelial IL-15 is essential for gd IEL migration into the epithelium. Furthermore, in vitro analyses demonstrated that exogenous IL-15 stimulates gd IEL migration into cultured epithelial monolayers, and inhibition of IL-2Rb significantly attenuates the basal motility of these cells. Intravital microscopy showed that impaired IL-2Rb signaling induced gd IEL idling within the lateral intercellular space, which resulted in increased early pathogen invasion. Similarly, the redistribution of gd T cells to the lamina propria due to local IL-15 overproduction also enhanced bacterial translocation. These findings thus reveal a novel role for IL-15 in mediating gd T cell localization within the intestinal mucosa and regulating gd IEL motility and patrolling behavior as a critical component of host defense.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)747-756
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume201
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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