Ethanol and Endogenous Opioids

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Ethanol is an organic chemical that belongs to the chemical class of alcohols; it is also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, methyl carbinol, and ethyl hydrate. The molecular formula of ethanol is C 2H 6O. Ethanol is used as a food, a drug, and in the manufacture of industrial and consumer products. Moderate alcohol use, up to two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for non-pregnant women and older people, is not harmful for most adults. Long-term use of large amounts of alcoholic beverages causes alcohol dependency, which is manifested by intense physical disturbances that occur when drinking is discontinued. There is a genetic link between the abnormality in the brain opioidergic system function, and increased alcohol use in vulnerable individuals who are exposed to stress. Chronic alcohol use causes deficiencies of endogenous opioids that may contribute to ethanol self-administration. © 2007

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Stress
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9780123739476
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Sarkar, D. K. (2007). Ethanol and Endogenous Opioids. In Encyclopedia of Stress (pp. 955-959). Elsevier Inc..