Ethical Challenges to Risk Scientists: An Exploratory Analysis of Survey Data

Michael Greenberg, Laura Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Surveys of almost 1,500 members of three professional societies that do risk analysis (e.g. environmental economics, epidemiology, exposure assessment, industrial hygiene, toxicology) found that 3 in 10 respondents had observed a biased research design, 2 in 10 had observed plagiarism, and 1 in 10 observed data fabrication or falsification. Respondents with many years in risk analysis, business consultants, and industrial hygienists reported the greatest prevalence of misconduct. These respondents perceived poor science, economic implications of the research, and lack of training in ethics as causes of misconduct. They supported the teaching of ethics but the vast majority did not support government auditing of their work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-241
Number of pages19
JournalScience, Technology & Human Values
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Philosophy
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Human-Computer Interaction


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