Evaluating the performance of pelvic floor exercises in women with urinary incontinence

Allison L. Russell, Heather M. Grigo, Nisha S. Joseph, Jing Niu, Gloria Bachmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the strength of pelvic floor muscles in women with urinary incontinence and to evaluate relief of symptoms using biofeedback therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Women complaining of urinary incontinence and reporting the ability to perform pelvic floor exercises participated in this 4-week clinical trial. Participants underwent evaluation with objective measurement, usine a hinfeedback software. package. The degree of pelvic floor muscle isolation was measured at the initial visit, and participants were given a pelvic floor exercise regimen to continue at home. After 4 weeks, the participants underwent a second evaluation. The ratio of pelvic floor to rectal muscle use was calculated as an index used to determine if the exercises were performed correctly. Participants also rated their improvement in urinary incontinence on a 10-point scale. RESULTS: Twenty women completed the trial. The subjects' mean age was 62.85 ± 8.89 years. Fifteen women (75.0%) performed the exercises correctly during the initial evaluation, and 5 performed them incorrectly. Four of these 5 subsequently performed them correctly after biofeedback teaching. The mean self-reported degree of urinary incontinence improvement was 6.6 (±1.31) and ranged from 5 to 9. Six (40%) women reported no incontinence p.nisodes during the trial. CONCLUSION: The majority of study participants reported improved bladder function after participating in a session of biofeedback training. Training objectively improved pelvic floor exercises in the cohort who performed them incorrectly and improved urinary incontinence in the majority of subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-532
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist
Volume50
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Keywords

  • Biofeedback
  • Exercise therapy
  • Pelvic floor
  • Urinary incontinence

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