Evaluation of six nitrogen fertility programs on marketable yield and development of skin separation in bell pepper fruit

Wesley L. Kline, Christian A. Wyenandt, Daniel L. Ward, June F. Sudal, Nancy L. Maxwell

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, the effects of six nitrogen fertility programs and two bell pepper (Capsicum annuum) cultivars were evaluated for marketable yield and incidence of skin separation in fruit. In 2006 and 2007, bell pepper cultivar Aristotle, which is tolerant to the crown rot phase of phytophthora blight (Phytophthora capsici), and a susceptible cultivar, Camelot, were established in a split-plot design with cultivar as the whole-plot factor and fertilizer regime as the subplot factor. Each year, fertility treatments included 1) 180 lb/acre of soluble nitrogen (N) plus phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) as 20N-8.7P-16.6K, 2) 300 lb/acre of solubleN(4N-0P-6.6K), 3) 180 lb/acre of solubleN (30N-0P-0K), 4) 135 lb/acre of soluble N (30N-0P-0K), 5) 180 lb/acre of granular N (43N-0P-0K), and 6) 135 lb/acre of granular N (43N-0P-0K). Soluble fertilizer treatments 1-4 were applied weekly through drip irrigation during the production season. Granular fertility treatments 5 and 6 were applied after bed making but before laying black plastic mulch each year. Additionally, all plots received 180 lb/acre each of P andK(0N-2.6P-4.9K) plus 2 lb/acre of boron distributed season-long in weekly fertilizer applications. In 2006 and 2007, cultivar had no effect on marketable yield or percent marketable fruit. In 2007, the percentage of harvested fruit with skin separation was significantly higher in fertility programs 1 and 2 compared with program 5. In 2006 and 2007, there were no significant interactions between cultivar and fertility program for marketable yield per plot, fruit with skin separation, percent marketable fruit, or marketable yield per acre. In both years, harvest date has a significant effect on marketable yield per plot, fruit with skin separation, percent marketable fruit, and marketable yield per acre. The percentage of harvested fruit with skin separation was higher in phytophthora-tolerant 'Aristotle' compared with phytophthora-susceptible 'Camelot' in 2006 and 2007. Results of this study suggest that the development of skin separation in bell pepper fruit is more influenced by genotype than N fertility program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-328
Number of pages6
JournalHortTechnology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

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