Exacerbation of damage and altered NF-κB activation in mice lacking tumor necrosis factor receptors after traumatic brain injury

Patrick G. Sullivan, Annadora J. Bruce-Keller, Alexander G. Rabchevsky, Sylivia Christakos, Daret K. St. Clair, Mark P. Mattson, Stephen W. Schelf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

217 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) is widely expressed in both neurons and gila and has been shown to be upregulated after traumatic brain injury (TBI). TNFα receptor activation results in activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), which may serve an antiapoptotic role via the induction of target genes manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and/or calbindin. In the present study, we used a controlled cortical impact model of TBI with pertinent lines of transgenic mice to combine both morphological characterization and molecular analysis to elucidate the role of TNFα after TBI. Measurements of both the lesion volume and the blood-brain barrier breach indicated exacerbations in mice rendered genetically deficient in both the p55 and p75 TNFα receptors (TNFR-KO) compared with wild-type animals. Additionally, animals genetically altered to overexpress MnSOD showed a significant decrease in lesion volume compared with that of control littermates, whereas no alterations were observed in mice lacking the calcium-binding protein calbindin D28k. Analysis of NF-κB activation and relative levels of MnSOD revealed delayed responses in the injured cortex of TNFR-KO animals compared with wild-type animals, implying that endogenous TNFα may be neuroprotective after TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6248-6256
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume19
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Keywords

  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Cortical impact
  • Neurotrauma
  • Oxidative stress
  • TNFα
  • Transgenic

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