Examination of voluntary compliance with new fda cigar warning label requirements

Olivia A. Wackowski, Marin Kurti, Kevin R.J. Schroth, Cristine D. Delnevo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Objectives: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued new requirements to strengthen and increase the size of cigar warnings. Although these requirements were challenged in court by the cigar industry, and later struck down, cigar manufacturers had the option of voluntarily complying during the injunction. In this study, we examined voluntary warning compliance on a sample of discarded cigar wrappers. Methods: Warnings were examined on a sample of 1352 discarded cigar wrappers and packs obtained from 15 census tracts in Oakland, California in February 2019. Warnings were coded for new requirement compliance (ie, sized at 30% or more on front and back of pack). Results: Overall, 67.3% of wrappers displayed compliant warnings – other wrappers had smaller warnings only on the front (30.6%), only on the back (1.5%) or no warning (0.4%). Cigar warning placement was significantly associated with brand (p < .01), cigar type (p < .01), and unit size (p < .01). The prevalence of warning compliance was at least 90% for 6 brands but ranged from 0% to 65% for others. Compliance was lowest for cigarillos (62.1%) and packs of 3 (27.6%). Conclusions: Strengthening cigar warnings can help increase their effectiveness, but cigar manufacturers may not voluntarily implement changes fully. Continued surveillance and renewed regulatory efforts are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-383
Number of pages5
JournalTobacco Regulatory Science
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)


  • Cigarillos
  • Cigars
  • Tobacco policy
  • Warning labels


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