Exercise and Quality of Life Outcomes in Patients With Cancer

M. Tish Knobf, Rita Musanti, Jennifer Dorward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Objective: To review the evidence of the effects of exercise interventions in patients with cancer in each of four quality-of-life domains: physical, psychological, social, and spiritual. Data Sources: Research articles, abstracts, literature review. Conclusion: There is strong evidence to support positive effects of exercise on physical and psychological well-being. Exercise improves physical function, muscle strength, emotional well-being, self esteem, decreases fatigue, anxiety, and depression, and helps maintain weight. Data suggest exercise fosters social functioning and more research is needed on the relationship of exercise and spiritual well-being. Implications for Nursing Practice: There is sufficient evidence to support exercise as an intervention to enhance a cancer patient's physical functioning and psychological well-being. Nurses should be encouraged to integrate physical activity recommendations into practice, tailored to the individual's health condition and mutual goal setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-296
Number of pages12
JournalSeminars in Oncology Nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology(nursing)


  • Quality of life
  • exercise
  • functional ability
  • physical activity
  • psychosocial well-being


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