By analyzing the measured spin-relaxation transients of Xe129 nuclear spins and alkali-metal-atomic spins in mixtures of alkali-metal-atom vapors, Xe gas, and larger amounts of N2 gas, we have determined the three-body formation rates and the spin-transfer probabilities for alkali- metal noble-gas van der Waals molecules. Three parameters, in addition to the spin quantum numbers of the alkali-metal and noble-gas nuclei, are needed to predict the spin-transfer rates. These parameters, which we have determined from experimental measurements, are x=N/±, the ratio of the spin-rotation interaction N to the spin-exchange interaction ±; p0, the third-body pressure for which the molecular breakup rate -1 is equal to the spin-rotation frequency N/h; and Z, the three-body rate constant for forming van der Waals molecules.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics