Cross-domain text categorization targets on adapting the knowledge learnt from a labeled source domain to an unlabeled target domain, where the documents from the source and target domains are drawn from different distributions. However, in spite of the different distributions in raw-word features, the associations between word clusters (conceptual features) and document classes may remain stable across different domains. In this paper, we exploit these unchanged associations as the bridge of knowledge transformation from the source domain to the target domain by the non-negative matrix tri-factorization. Specifically, we formulate a joint optimization framework of the two matrix tri-factorizations for the source- and target-domain data, respectively, in which the associations between word clusters and document classes are shared between them. Then, we give an iterative algorithm for this optimization and theoretically show its convergence. The comprehensive experiments show the effectiveness of this method. In particular, we show that the proposed method can deal with some difficult scenarios where baseline methods usually do not perform well.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Information Systems
- Computer Science Applications
- Cross-domain learning
- Domain adaption
- Text categorization
- Transfer learning