Exploiting functional domains of GRK2/3 to alter the competitive balance of pro- and anticontractile signaling in airway smooth muscle

Deepak A. Deshpande, Huandong Yan, Kok Choi Kong, Brian C. Tiegs, Sarah J. Morgan, Tonio Pera, Reynold A. Panettieri, Andrea D. Eckhart, Raymond B. Penn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

To clarify the potential utility of targeting GRK2/3-mediated desensitization as a means of manipulating airway smooth muscle (ASM) contractile state, we assessed the specificity of GRK2/3 regulation of procontractile and relaxant G-protein-coupled receptors in ASM. Functional domains of GRK2/3 were stably expressed, or siRNA-mediated GRK2/3 knockdown was performed, in human ASM cultures, and agonist-induced signaling was assessed. Regulation of contraction of murine tracheal rings expressing GRK2 C terminus was also assessed. GRK2/3 knockdown or expression of the GRK2 C terminus caused a significant (∼30-90%) increase in maximal β-agonist and histamine [phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis] signaling, without affecting the calculated EC50. GRK2 C-terminal expression did not affect signaling by methacholine, thrombin, or LTD4. Expression of the GRK2 N terminus or kinase-dead holo-GRK2 diminished (∼30-70%) both PI hydrolysis and Ca2+ mobilization by every Gq-coupled receptor examined. Under conditions of GRK2 C-terminal expression, β-agonist inhibition of methacholine-stimulated PI hydrolysis was greater. Finally, transgenic expression of the GRK2 C terminus in murine ASM enabled ∼30-50% greater β-agonist-mediated relaxation of methacholine-induced contraction. Collectively these data demonstrate the relative selectivity of GRKs for the β2AR in ASM and the ability to exploit GRK2/3 functional domains to render ASM hyporesponsive to contractile agents while increasing responsiveness to bronchodilating β-agonist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)956-965
Number of pages10
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Bronchodilation
  • Desensitization
  • G-protein-coupled receptor
  • β-agonist

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