Zein/low-acyl gellan gum (GG) composite particles (ZGPs) were fabricated to stabilize Pickering emulsions (termed “ZGPEs”). The wettability of ZGPs was manipulated simply by adjusting the concentration of GG. The effects of GG concentration, oil fraction and pH on ZGPEs were systematically evaluated by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), cryo-scanning electron microscopy (cryo-SEM), dynamic light scattering technique, stimulated emission depletion (STED) nanoscopy and rheology. The results showed that ZGPEs exhibited robust colloidal properties and distinct advantage over other previously reported zein-polysaccharide-based Pickering emulsions. CLSM, STED and cryo-SEM analyses revealed that the network structures formed by GG and ZGPs at the continuous phase and oil–water interface were the main contributors to the emulsion's characteristics. This study provides insights into the fabrication of food-grade Pickering emulsions with distinct characteristics that impart favorable properties to various foods and bioactive delivery systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Food Science
- Composite nanoparticles
- Gellan gum
- High internal-phase Pickering emulsion