Exploratory Factor Analysis of African Self-Consciousness Scale Scores

Ranjit Bhagwat, Shalonda Kelly, Michael C. Lambert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This study replicates and extends prior studies of the dimensionality, convergent, and external validity of African Self-Consciousness Scale scores with appropriate exploratory factor analysis methods and a large gender balanced sample (N = 348). Viable one and two-factor solutions were cross-validated. Both first factors overlapped significantly and were labeled "Embracing African Heritage." The second subscale of the two-factor solution was labeled "Refusal to Deny African Heritage." Only the structural validity of the first factor of the two-factor solution was fully consistent with prior findings. Partial evidence of convergent validity was found for all factors, and only the second factor of the two-factor solution received external validity support. Implications for usage of the African Self-Consciousness Scale and recommendations for further investigation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-76
Number of pages12
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


  • African Self-Consciousness
  • Afrocentricity
  • culture
  • ethnicity
  • exploratory factor analysis
  • racial identity


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