Expressed Sequence Tags of Fruits, Peels, and Carpels and Analysis of mRNA Expression Levels of the Tagged cDNAs of Fruits from the Fuji Apple

Soon Kee Sung, Dong Hoon Jeong, Jongmin Nam, Sung Hyun Kim, Seong Ryong Kim, Gynheung An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


In order to understand molecular events during fruit development and provide genetic resources for molecular breeding, 430 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were generated from randomly selected clones of cDNA libraries prepared from young fruits, peels of mature fruits, and carpels of the Fuji apple (Malus domestica Borkh.). Database comparisons of the ESTs revealed that ISO non-redundant clones showed a high similarity with previously identified genes. Among these, 138 clones exhibited a homology with previously identified plant genes and 12 were identical to genes that were previously identified from apples. The deduced amino acid sequences of 42 clones had a homology to proteins that have not been reported from plants. Eighteen cDNA clones from the young fruit library were selected for studying expression levels and patterns in reproductive organs and leaves. This study revealed that the clones can be classified into 3 different groups based on their expression levels. The first 9 clones were expressed strongly in at least one reproductive organ. Eight of these clones (vacuolar processing protease, sucrose phosphate synthase, arabinogalactan protein, UDP-glucose glucosyl transferase, major allergen D1, cystein proteinase inhibitor, lipoxygenase, and protease subunit SUG2) were highly expressed in mature flowers and young fruits, whereas one clone (z-carotene desaturase protein precursor) was preferentially expressed in mature flowers but weakly in young fruits. The second group includes 6 cDNA clones (glucose transport protein, aminomethyl transferase precursor protein, dTDP-D-glucose-4,6-dehydrogenase, 2 types of protein kinase, and selenium binding protein) that were weakly expressed. These clones were characterized by their preferential expression patterns in mature flowers and young fruits. The transcripts of 3 cDNA clones in the third group (vacuolar aminopetidase, β-galactosidase, and EREBP-4) were detectable only by RT-PCR and they were preferentially expressed in young fruits. These results indicate that most ESTs that were isolated from young fruits are preferentially expressed in reproductive organs and thereby play important roles during reproductive organ development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-577
Number of pages13
JournalMolecules and Cells
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 31 1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


  • Apple
  • ESTs
  • RNA Blot
  • RT-PCR
  • Young Fruit
  • cDNA

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