Fabrication, physical and electrochemical investigation of microporous carbon polyiodide nanocomposites

Prabeer Barpanda, Youli Li, Frederic Cosandey, Sylvie Rangan, Robert A. Bartynski, Glenn G. Amatucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Microporous carbons with a tunable morphology were fabricated via a low cost chemical activation route. Using these carbons as precursors, carbon polyiodide nanocomposites of various compositions were prepared by mechanochemical iodine incorporation. The effect of micropores and mechanochemical iodation on the structure, morphology, and electrochemical behavior of activated carbons was investigated using a host of characterization methods, including X-ray diffraction, small angle X-ray scattering, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, differential scanning calorimetry, transmission electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. Polyiodide formation and preferential micropore filling were observed in iodated carbons. The corresponding iodation-induced nonfaradaic and faradaic developments in modified carbons led to much improved gravimetric (∼39 mAh/g) and volumetric capacities (∼80 mAh/cm 3). These microporous carbon-iodine nanocomposites have been studied focusing on the relative role of double-layer formation and faradaic pseudocapacitance to evaluate their possible use in hybrid capacitors and low voltage batteries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)A873-A885
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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