The electron transport in dye-sensitized solar cells with a MOCVD (metal organic vapor deposition)-grown ZnO nanorod array (ZnO-N) or a mesoporous film prepared from ZnO colloids (ZnO-C) as the working electrode was compared. The electrodes were of similar thickness (2 μm) and sensitized with zinc(II) mesotetrakis(3-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin, while the electrolyte was I -/I3- in 3-methoxypropionitrile. Electron transport in the ZnO-C cells was comparable with that found for colloidal TiO2 films (transport time ∼ 10 ms) and was light intensity dependent. Electron transport in solar cells with ZnO-N electrodes was about 2 orders of magnitude faster (∼30 μs). Thus, the morphology of the working ZnO electrode plays a key role for the electron transport properties.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry