Background. A biomaterial-induced polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) defect may predispose the implanted vascular graft to infection. PMNs bind, activate, and undergo morphologic changes when exposed to uncoated or plasma coated expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) surfaces. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the CD18 integrin receptor or the immunoglobulin receptors FcγRII and FcγRIII mediate either PMN binding or activation on ePTFE. Methods. PMN binding and activation were determined after incubation of these cells on human immunoglobulin (IgG) or fibrinogen coated surfaces and uncoated or plasma coated ePTFE. PMN activation was measured by using the ferricytochrome reduction assay. Binding was determined with chromium 51-labeled PMNs. To block the FcγRII, FcγRIII, and CD18 receptors, PMNs were preincubated with the monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) IV.3, 3G8, and IB4, respectively. Irrelevant isotype matched mAbs were used as control. Results. Monoclonal antibody IB4 inhibited binding of activated PMNs to fibrinogen coated surfaces. Binding to IgG was affected by either mAb IB4 or IV.3, but the greatest degree of inhibition was achieved when mAbs IB4 and IV.3 were used in combination. IgG-induced activation was partially inhibited by mAb IV.3 but was fully inhibited by a combination of mAbs IB4 and IV.3 The mAbs did not affect PMN binding to uncoated or plasma coated ePTFE, nor was PMN activation on the uncoated ePTFE surface inhibited. PMN activation on the plasma coated ePTFE surface was, however, partially inhibited by the combination of mAb IB4 with either mAb IV.3 or 3G8. Conclusions. A synergistic interaction between the PMN FcγRII receptor and the CD18 integrin receptor accounts for surface bound IgG-induced cell activation. Both receptors also play a role in mediating PMN activation on the plasma-coated ePTFE surface.
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