Female sexual dysfunction: Evaluation and treatment

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations


Sexual dysfunction includes desire, arousal, orgasmic and sex pain disorders (dyspareunia and vaginismus). Primary care physicians must assume a proactive role in the diagnosis and treatment of these disorders. Long-term medical diseases, minor ailments, medications and psychosocial difficulties, including prior physical or sexual abuse, are etiologic factors. Gynecologic maladies and cancers (including breast cancer) are also frequent sources of sexual dysfunction. Patient education and reassurance, with early diagnosis and intervention, are essential for effective treatment. Patient history and physical examination techniques, normal sexual responses and the factors that influence these responses, and the application o[medical and gynecologic treatments to sexual issues are discussed. Basic treatment strategies, which may be successfully provided by primary care physicians for most sexual dysfunctions, are outlined. Referral can be reserved for patients who do not respond to therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-136+141
JournalAmerican Family Physician
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Family Practice


Dive into the research topics of 'Female sexual dysfunction: Evaluation and treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this